Premier League – Origin, Foundation, Competition Format, Teams, and Stadiums

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Premier League
PremierLeague

Premier League is an English professional league for association football clubs. The season of premier league runs on every year and the season for every year and runs in the months from August to May. This league was founded on 20 February, 1992. This league has 20 football teams, 19 teams belong to England and remaining one team belongs to Wales. This league operates on a system of promotion and relegation. The league relegates the teams to English Football League (EFL). The premier league comes under the confederation UEFA.

This Premier League is commonly known as Premiership and outside the UK it is known as English Premier League (EPL). The league has 20 teams and each team play 38 championship competitions. When any team loses the match then the team is relegated to lower championship EFL and when the team wins the match then they are promoted to highest championship competitions. During every season most of the matches are scheduled on Sunday afternoons and on the weekday evenings.

Premier League is one of the most popular watched sports league in the world. The Premier League matches are broadcasted in 212 territories to 643 homes and a TV audience of 4.7 billion people. Sky Sports and BT sports are the TV partners for Premier League and the channels broadcasts live matches. Highlights of the match are telecasted by Sky Sports and BBC. There is a champion of Premier League for every season and the current champion of Premier League is Chelsea team. The Manchester United team gained 13 championship titles of Premier League which is the most championships winner.

The premier league has conducted 25 seasons till now starting from 1992 to 2017. Now the league is conducting its 26th season 2017-18. The current season of this league runs from 11 August, 2017 to 13 May, 2017. During the season each match is conducted in different stadiums in different cities. Each football club of the league is formed by some members and they buy the players from different countries.

Premier League Origin

In spite of significant European success in the 1970s and early 1980s, the late 80s marked a low point for English Football. The English clubs were banned from European competitions for five years because of disaster of Heysel Stadium in the year 1985. Since 1888 the Football League First Division, which is the top level of English Football and it participated in leagues such as Italy’s Serie A and Spain’s La Liga and several top English players had moved to abroad.

In 1990 the downward trend of the England has turned and at the 1990 FIFA world cup, it reached the semi-finals. In 1990, the Manchester United lifted the UEFA Cup Winners cup in 1991.  In 1980s the major English clubs, led by the likes of David Dein of Arsenal, Martin Edwards of Manchester United, and Irving Scholar of Tottenham Hotspur, which led to the increasing power of the elite clubs. In 1998 negotiations are conducted under the threat of ten clubs leaving to form a Super League.

Premier League Foundation

In the year 1990, Greg Dyke, the managing director of London Weekend Television, met representatives of the “big five” football clubs in England over a dinner. The meeting was conducted to pave a way for a break away from the Football League. Dyke believed that if only the larger clubs in the country were featured on national television and wanted to establish whether the clubs would be interested in large share of TV rights money.

In 1991 season, a proposal was tabled for the foundation of new league which would bring more money into the game. On 17 July 1991 the founder members agreement was signed by the game’s top-flight clubs and established the basic principles for setting up the FA Premier League. The newly formed top division would have commercial independence from The Football Association and the Football League, giving the FA Premier League license to negotiate its own broadcast and sponsorship agreements. In 1992, the First Division clubs resigned from the Football League and on 27 May 1992 the FA Premier League was formed as a limited company working out of an office at the Football Association’s then headquarters in Lancaster Gate.

Premier League Competition Format

There are 20 clubs in the Premier League. During the season each club plays the others twice, once at their home stadium and the other at the opponents’ stadium, for a total of 38 games. If a match is won by any team then 3 points are given and 1 point for a draw match and no points for a lost match. The teams of the league are ranked by total points, goal difference, and then goals scored. After calculating these points, if the teams are still equal, then the teams are deemed to occupy the same position. If any teams have tie for the championship, for relegation or for qualification to other competitions, then a play-off match at a neutral venue decides rank. The three lowest teams are relegated to EFL Championship and the top two teams from the championship, are promoted in their place.

Premier League Teams

  • AFC Bournemouth
  • Arsenal
  • Brighton & Hove Albion
  • Burnley
  • Chelsea
  • Crystal Palace
  • Everton
  • Huddersfield Town
  • Leicester City
  • Liverpool
  • Manchester City
  • Manchester United
  • Newcastle United
  • Southampton
  • Stoke City
  • Swansea City
  • Tottenham Hotspur
  • Watford
  • West Bromwich Albion
  • West Ham United

Premier League Stadiums

Since from the formation of division in 1992, Premier League has been played in 55 stadiums. In 1989 the Hillsborough disaster, as a result all the stadiums in the Premier League are all-seater. From the starting of the Premier League football grounds in the England are being constantly improved to capacity and facilities, with some clubs moving to new-build stadiums. Nine stadiums have now been demolished which have seen Premier League. In the season 2010-11 the stadiums shows a large disparity in capacity. The home stadium of Manchester United Old Trafford has a capacity of 75, 957. The home stadium of Black pool Bloomfield Road has a capacity of 16, 200.

The stadium attendances are the significant source of regular income for Premier League Clubs. In the season 2009-10 the average attendance across the league clubs were 34, 215 for premier league matches with a total aggregate of 13, 001, 616. This represented that there is an increase of 13,089 from the average attendance of 21,126 recorded in the league’s first season. The Premier League’s record average attendance of 36,144 was set during the season 2007–08. This record was then beaten in the 2013–14 season recording an average attendance of 36,695 with a total attendance of just fewer than 14 million, the highest average in England’s top flight since 1950.

Premier League Managers

The managers in the premier league are involved in day-to-day running of the team, which includes training, team selection, and player acquisition. The influence of the managers varies from club to club and is related to ownership of the club and the relationship of the manager with fans. The managers of the club are required to have a UEFA Pro License, which is the final coaching qualification available, and follows the completion of UEFA ‘B’ and ‘A’ licenses. The person who wants to become a manager of a club must require a UEFA Pro License. Caretaker appointments are managers who will the gap between a managerial departure and a new appointment. The league’s longest-serving manager was Alex Ferguson, who was in charge of Manchester United from November 1986 until his retirement at the end of the season 2012–13.

Current Managers of Premier League

Team NameManager
ArsenalArsene Wenger
AFC BournemouthEddie Howe
BurnelySean Dyche
Stoke CityMark Hughes
Tottenham HotspurMauricio Pochettino
Brighton & Hove AlbionChris Hughton
West Bromwich AlbionTony Pulis
West Ham UnitedSlaven Bilic
LiverpoolJurgen Klopp
Huddersfield TownDavid Wagner
Newcastle UnitedRafael Benitez
Manchester UnitedJose Mourinho
EvertonRoanald Koeman
ChelseaAntonio Conte
Manchester CityPep Guardiola
Swansea CityPaul Clement
WatfordMarco Silva
SouthamptonMauticio Pellegrino
Crystal PalaceRoy Hodgson
Leicester CityVacant

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